The **units of measurement** are the units that are used to represent physical quantities like length, mass, temperature, current, area, volume, intensity, etc. We use different measurement units to represent the magnitude of the physical quantities including the traditional units, the Metric System of units, the imperial system of units, and US customary units. Units of measurement have also evolved and played a crucial role from the early ages till the present. We use the measuring units to compare how large or small a physical quantity is as compared to the basic standard quantity.

In this article, we shall explore the concept of metric and imperial units of measurement. We will also discuss the various measurement units used for measuring length, mass, time, temperature, and volume. Generally, we measure almost everything around us in our daily lives such as how many hours we have worked and slept, the amount of water we drink, our body weight, height, distance traveled on foot and by car. We shall solve various examples using the different units of measurement for a better understanding of the concept.

1. | What are Units of Measurement? |

2. | Metric Units of Measurement |

3. | Imperial Units of Measurement |

4. | Units of Measurement for Length |

5. | Units of Measurement for Mass |

6. | Units of Measurement for Volume |

7. | Units of Measurement for Temperature |

8. | Units of Measurement for Time |

9. | Units of Measurement Chart |

10. | FAQs on Units of Measurement |

## What are Units of Measurement?

The units of measurement are the collection of standard and other units that are used to measure various physical quantities. We have been using different units to measure these quantities like length, mass, volume, current, temperature, etc. from the early ages. These units of measurement have evolved since then and we have different systems of measurement now which are more convenient and easy to use.

In the early days, when we didn't have any proper tools to measure the physical quantities, we use some informal methods and units of measurement. For example, we used the body parts to measure the length such as hand span, foot span, arm span, cubit, pace, etc. Since the body parts vary from person to person, these methods of measurement did not give very accurate results. So, gradually better units of measurement were invented.

As a result, the metric system, also known as the International System of Units (called the SI units - the modern form of the metric system), the Imperial system, and US customary units were standardized across the world as the units of measurement to get more accurate results.

## Metric Units of Measurement

The metric units of measurement in mathematics are standard units defined to measure length, height, weight, area, and capacity (volume). It is based on the decimal system as it includes numbers in powers of 10. The modern form of the metric units are called the SI units and are accepted worldwide. Each unit has a universally recognized size. Let us see some of the commonly used SI units in the table below.

### SI Units of Measurement

SI units of measurement are units of the international system of units, also known as the metric system which is used across the world and each unit has a standard measure.

Physical Quantity | SI Unit of Measurement | Symbol |
---|---|---|

Length | Meter | m |

Mass | Kilogram | kg |

Temperature | Kelvin | K |

Time | Second | s |

Capacity/Volume | Litre | L |

Current | Ampere | A |

Amount of Substance | Mole | mol |

### Unit of Measurement List

The table above shows the SI units but we use other units as well to measure the given physical quantities. Let us list some of the commonly used to units of measurement below:

- Length - kilometer, meter, centimeter, millimeter
- Mass - kilogram, gram, milligram
- Capacity - kilolitre, litre, milliliter, centilitre
- Time - Minute, Hour, Second, Days, Week, Month, Year
- Temperature - Kelvin, Celsius, Fahrenheit

All the above units for a specific physical quantity can be expressed in terms of each other using the conversion of the units of measurement.

## Imperial Units of Measurement

Imperial units of measurement are the units from the British Imperial System (System of Weights and Measures used in Great Britain). As we discussed the metric units, the imperial system uses different units to measure the physical quantities like length, mass, volume, and area. Let us go through imperial units of measurement in the table below:

Physical Quantity | Imperial Units |
---|---|

Length | foot, inch, yard, mile |

Mass | ounce, pound, stone, ton |

Capacity | gallon, pint, quart, fluid ounce |

**Note: **The imperial units of measurement can be expressed in terms of the metric units and vice-versa as they are standard units.

## Units of Measurement for Length

Length is a physical quantity that gives the measure of how long an object is. There are different aspects of measuring length such as distance covered, height, etc. Units of measurement for all the physical quantities belong to the same category. Each unit of measuring length can be expressed in terms of each other using the conversion method as these units have a standard value. Let us see the commonly used metric and imperial units of measurement of length below along with their relations with one another.

System | Units of Measurement | Conversion |
---|---|---|

Metric Units | Centimeter (cm) | 1 cm = 10 mm |

Meter (m) | 1 m = 100 cm | |

Kilometer (km) | 1 km = 1000 m | |

Millimeter (mm) | 1 mm = 0.001 m | |

Imperial Units | Foot (feet) | 1 foot = 12 inch |

Inches (inch) | 1 inch = 0.83333 feet | |

Mile | 1 mile = 5280 feet | |

Yard | 1 yard = 3 feet = 36 inch |

## Units of Measurement for Mass

Mass is a physical quantity that tells how heavy or light an object is. It is also commonly called the weight of the object. The SI unit of mass is the kilogram (kg). The table below shows the different and commonly used units of measuring mass in the metric and imperial systems along with their conversions:

System | Units of Measurement | Conversion |
---|---|---|

Metric Units | Milligram (mg) | 1 mg = 0.001 g |

Gram (g) | 1 g = 1000 mg | |

Kilogram (kg) | 1 kg = 1000 g | |

Imperial Units | Ounce (oz) | 1 oz = 0.0625 lb |

Pound (lb) | 1lb = 16 oz | |

Ton | 1 ton = 2000 lbs |

Please note that there are other units of measurement of mass that are used such as tonnes, stone, microgram imperial ton, etc. The above table shows the commonly used units only.

## Units of Measurement for Volume

Volume, also known as the capacity, gives the amount of space that an object occupies or the maximum space the object has. The SI unit of volume is litre (L). We can also express the units of measuring volume in terms of cubic length units such as centimeter cube (cm^{3}), meter cube (m^{3}), etc. Let us go through some of the commonly used units of measurement of volume in the table below:

System | Units of Measurement | Conversion |
---|---|---|

Metric Units | Millilitre (ml) | 1 m = 0.001 l |

Litre (l) | 1 l = 1000 ml | |

Kilolitre (kl) | 1 kl = 1000 l | |

Cubic Centimeter (cm^{3}) | 1 l = 1000 cm^{3} | |

Imperial Units | Fluid ounce (fl. oz.) | 1 fl. oz. = 1/20 pt |

Gallon (gal) | 1gal = 128 fl. oz. | |

Pint (pt) | 1 pt = 16 fl. oz. |

## Units of Measurement for Temperature

Temperature is a physical quantity that describes how hot or cold an object or the weather is. We have mainly three units of measurement of temperature, Celsius, Kelvin, and Fahrenheit. Kelvin is the SI unit of measuring temperature. The table given below shows the different units of measuring temperature and their conversion.

Units of Measurement | Conversion |
---|---|

Celsius (C) | 0°C = 273.15 K = 32°F |

Kelvin (K) | 0 K = -273. 15°C = -459.57°F |

Fahrenheit (F) | 0°F = -17.778°C =255.372 K |

Generally, for the conversion of temperature, we use the formula C/5 = (F - 32) / 9 = (K - 273.15) / 5. This formula helps to express the temperature in different units.

## Units of Measurement of Time

Time is a measure that tells about the time taken to complete a process, travel from one point to another. It is an ongoing process of continuous events. We measure time in three units, seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, and years. The table given below describes these units and their relation with each other.

Units of Measurement | Conversion |
---|---|

Second (s) | 1 s = 1/60 min |

Minute (min) | 1 min = 60 s |

Hour (hr) | 1 hr = 60 min = 3600 s |

Day | 1 day = 24 hr |

Week | 1 week = 7 days |

Month | 1 month = 4 weeks |

Year | 1 year = 12 months |

These units of measurement of time are standard and are followed all across the world.

## Units of Measurement Chart

Now that we have discussed the different units of measurement used across different systems of measurement, let us summarize the units in a chart below for a quick review:

Quantity | Units of Measurement |
---|---|

Length | Meter, Kilometer, Centimeter, Millimeter, Feet, Yard, Inch, Mile |

Mass | Gram, Milligram, Kilogram, Ounce, Pound, Ton |

Volume | Litre, Millilitre, Kilolitre, Gallon, Pint, Fluid Ounce |

Time | Second, Minute, Hour, Day, Month, Week, Year |

Temperature | Kelvin, Celsius, Fahrenheit, |

**Important Notes on Units of Measurement**

- The
**units of measurement**are the units that are used to represent physical quantities like length, mass, temperature, current, area, volume, intensity, etc. - We use two systems of units of measurement - metric and imperial.
- In the early days, hand span, arm span, and foot span were used as units of measurement.

**☛ Related Topics:**

- Feet to Inches
- How Long is a Meter
- Length Conversion

## FAQs on Units of Measurement

### What are the Units of Measurement in Math?

The **units of measurement** are the units that are used to represent physical quantities like length, mass, temperature, current, area, volume, intensity, etc. We use different measurement units to represent the magnitude of the physical quantities including the traditional units, the Metric System of units, the imperial system of units, and US customary units.

### What are the 7 Basic Units of Measurement?

The 7 basic units of measurement are:

- Length - Meter (m)
- Mass - Kilogram (kg)
- Capacity - Litre (L)
- Electric Current - Ampere (A)
- Amount of Substance - Mole (mol)
- Luminous Intensity - Candela (cd)
- Temperature - Kelvin (K)

### What are the Units of Measurement in the Metric System?

The standard units of measurement for specific physical quantities used in the metric system are:

- Length - Meter
- Mass - Kilogram
- Volume - Litre

### How to Convert Units of Measurement of Temperature?

We can convert the units of measurement of temperature using the formula C/5 = (F - 32) / 9 = (K - 273.15) / 5, where C - Celsius, F - Fahrenheit, K - Kelvin

### What are the 3 Systems of Units of Measurement?

The 3 systems of units of measurement are Metric System, Imperial System, and the US customary system.

### What are Units of Measurement Used for?

We use different measurement units to represent the magnitude of the physical quantities including the traditional units, the Metric System of units, the imperial system of units, and US customary units.

### Why are Standard Units of Measurement Needed?

In the early days, people used body parts to measure the length such as hand span, foot span, arm span, cubit, pace, etc. Since the body parts vary from person to person, these methods of measurement did not give very accurate results. So, standard units of measurement were invented.

### What are the Different Units of Measurement for Length?

The commonly used units of measurement for length are meter, centimeter, kilometer, millimeter, decimeter, decameter, etc.

### What are Imperial Units of Measurement?

Imperial units of measurement are the units from the British Imperial System (System of Weights and Measures used in Great Britain). These units are used to measure length, volume, mass, area, etc.

### What are Metric Units of Measurement?

The metric units of measurement in mathematics are standard units defined to measure length, height, weight, area, and capacity (volume). The modern form of the metric units are called the SI units and are accepted worldwide.